Château Pichon Comtesse is one of the stars of Pauillac, and one of the original "Super Seconds" in Bordeaux. Classed as a Deuxième Cru Classé in the 1855 Bordeaux classification, it is widely recognised that Pichon Comtesse can not only match First Growths, but occasionally outperform them. The two estates of Pichon Comtesse and Pichon Baron once formed part of the same estate, called Pichon Longueville.
In 1850, Baron Joseph de Pichon-Longueville divided the estate and gave the part now known as Pichon Comtesse to his daughters. The estate remained within the family until the early 20th Century when it was purchased by the Miailhe brothers. May-Éliane de Lencquesaing, the daughter of Édouard Miailhe took over the estate in 1978. She made numerous improvements to the estate, including the expansion of the estate from 40 to 89 hectares of vines and under her supervision, the quality of the wine produced at Pichon Comtesse grew exponentially.